Stress is define as a condition in which a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances. Under stress, the body produces the hormone adrenaline, the main function of which is to force the body to survive. Stress is a normal part of human life and it is necessary in certain amounts. If our life did not have stressful elements of competition, risk, willingness to work as hard as we can, life would be much more boring. Sometimes stress acts as a motivation that is needed in order to feel the fullness of emotions, even if it is about survival. If the amount of these challenges and complex problems becomes very large, then the person loses the ability to cope with these tasks.
Anxiety is a state of mind and body, associated with worries, tension and nervousness. Every person meets such moments in life when he is under stress or anxiety. In fact, the state of anxiety helps a person cope with external threats, forcing the brain to work intensively and giving the body a state of readiness for action. When anxiety and fears begin to suppress the person and influence his daily life, he may experience so-called anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, fear of losing a job, specific fears, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and general anxiety, usually begin to appear after the age of 15-20 years (Dunkley, 2013). Anxiety disorders are regarded as chronic diseases that can progress without treatment. Currently, there are effective methods for their treatment.
Causes of stress-
There are external and internal causes of stress.
External causes of stress and anxiety are moving to a new location, change of job, death of a loved one, divorce, everyday troubles associated with money problems, fulfilment of obligations by a certain date, disputes, family relationships, not enough sleep or bad quality of sleep.
Symptoms of stress-
Symptoms may gradually increase or appear suddenly, within a few minutes. Panic attacks are usually short, occur in the form of emotional explosions, accompanied by a feeling of horror and reactions of the organism such as heart palpitations and sweating. Generalized anxiety disorder usually develops gradually and is usually not a direct consequence of a particular irrational fear . Two major signs of stress and anxiety are uncontrollable anxiety and worry.
Body’s response to stress-
Human behaviour in situations of stress differs from affective behaviour. Under stress, a person can usually control his emotions, analyse the situation, and make appropriate decisions.
There are various kinds of stress depending on the stress factor, including physiological and psychological. Psychological stress, in turn, can be divided into informational and emotional. Informational stress may develop when a person is unable to cope with the problem, has no time to make the right decision at the required rate with a high degree of responsibility, i.e., when there is an information overload. Emotional stress arises in situations of danger, , etc.
Treatment of stress
Stress tends to accumulate. From physics we know that nothing in nature can disappear into nowhere, matter and energy just move or turn into other forms. The same rule is applied to the psychology. Experiences cannot disappear, they are either expressed outside, for example in talking with other people, or accumulate.
It is known that there is no better medicine than a good sleep. Therefore, it is worth considering how you sleep. Here are some guidelines that will help make your sleep better.
. Regular exercise helps normal sleep. It is desirable to exercise outside for a couple of hours before bedtime.
. Before going to bed, you can take a warm bath and listen to relaxing music. If possible, combine taking a bath with listening to music. Try to do this every day.
. In order the sleep to be deeper and healthier, the body needs the hormone melatonin. Rice, wheat, barley, sunflower seeds, and dried apricots contain B vitamins, which increases the content of hormone melatonin in the body. Refined products are lack of these vitamins, so try to eat organic foods, preferably with a high carbohydrate content.
. Your bedroom should not be stuffy, noisy and light: none of these is conducive to restful sleep.
10 good habits that will lessen stress are-
. Do not quickly jump out of bed- At morning when our alarm goes off don’t quickly jump out from bed take some time and try to be consious check body, then get off from then bed and then start the day with great awareness which will provide everyone the power of protest calmly for every situations and what type of situations the whole day brings to us.
. Observe oneself while bathing- In the time of bathing prepare yourself to face the whole day and think calmly what situation waits for you by thinking that prepare yourself
. Do not be unconscious- At the time of talking with others, or doing something do not leave the house without having a look on it properly
. Always pay attention- While doing something, also if you are walking on the roads always pay attention to the sound of the vehicle ,walk slowly relax your mind and then walk on road also in case of doing something pay attention to the work properly then do the work
. Eat in silence- While eating breakfast, dinner, lunch, or anything always eat in silence and try to concentrate while eating
. Discover the value of talking in daily activities- I want to tell that do only one thing at a time do not try to do more than a thing at same time then your absolute results will be zero
. Do body checks throughout the day- One can associate with some your everday activity as a remainder . That is why do a body check-up.
. Do not rush home – Do not get fooled by the feeling that one will be in peace this is only time to enjoy don’t wait for tomorrow
. Check body before go to bed- Always check-up your body before going to bed
. Always notice body sensations- Every person have to notice their body sensations everyday.